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最高法院:机动车交通事故责任纠纷裁判规则27条

时间:2019-07-13
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1. The victim of a traffic accident is not at fault, and his physical condition is not a statutory situation to reduce the liability of the infringer. Rong Baoying v. Wang Yang, Yongcheng Property Insurance Co. Ltd. Jiangyin Branch Motor Vehicle Traffic Accident Liability Dispute

The gist of the case: the victim of the traffic accident is not at fault, and the impact of his physical condition on the consequences of the damage is not a statutory situation that can alleviate the liability of the infringer.

Case No. (2013) Ximin End Word No. 497

The Sixth Batch of Guiding Cases of the Supreme People's Court No. 24

2. The owner of the motor vehicle lends his license plate to other people's decks and collects the deck fee. After a traffic accident, both parties of the deck shall bear joint and several liability. Zhao Chunming and other v. Yantai Fushan Automobile Transportation Co. Ltd. Wei Deping Motor vehicle traffic accident liability dispute case

The gist of the case: the owner or manager of the motor vehicle will lend the license plate of the motor vehicle to other people’s decks, or know that the other party’s deck will not be used to stop the use of the motor vehicle number plate. The owner or manager shall be jointly and severally liable with the owner or manager of the deck motor vehicle.

Case No. (2010) Hu Er Zhong Min Yi (Min) End Word No. 1353

The Sixth Batch of Guiding Cases of the Supreme People's Court No. 19

3. Household self-use vehicles engaged in online car operation did not notify the insurance company. Due to traffic accidents during the operation, the insurance company could be exempted from compensation within the scope of commercial three-person insurance. Cheng Chunying v. Zhang Tao, China People's Insurance Co. Ltd. Nanjing Branch Motor vehicle traffic accident liability dispute case

xxThe gist of the case: In the period of validity of the contract, if the risk level of the subject matter of insurance increases significantly, the insured shall promptly notify the insurer, and the insurer may increase the insurance premium or terminate the contract. The insured shall not be liable for compensation for the insured event that occurs due to the significant increase in the risk level of the insured. Vehicles insured in the name of household use are engaged in the operation of the network car, which significantly increases the degree of danger of the vehicle, and the insured should promptly notify the insurance company. The insured did not give notice. Due to the traffic accidents that occurred in the operation of the network car, the insurance company could be exempted from the risk of commercial three risks.

Supreme People's Court Bulletin No. 4 of 2017 (Total No. 246)

4. In the "car back" traffic accident between large trucks, the owner of the consigned vehicle should not be listed as a co-defendant to participate in the lawsuit. Li Haifeng and other five people v. China Ping An Property Insurance Co. Ltd. Nanyang Central Branch and other motor vehicle traffic accidents Liability dispute case

The item can be converted into a “third party”. The owner of the consigned vehicle has no direct causal relationship with the owner of the consigned vehicle and should not be listed as a co-defendant in the lawsuit.

Case No. (2016) Yu 13 Min 3299

Case Selection of the People's Court. Total 111th Series (2017.5)

5. In the event of an accident involving the same insured's different vehicles, the injured party cannot constitute a relative third party. Chen Zetan v. China Pacific Property Insurance Co. Ltd. Guangzhou Panyu Branch Company Motor Vehicle Traffic Accident Liability Disputes

Pieces. Therefore, when an accident occurs in the same insured's different vehicles, the insured person cannot become his own infringing body, and the infringement legal relationship that constitutes the basis of liability does not exist. Therefore, the insured person or the insured person due to the insured motor vehicle accident Property damage cannot be claimed as compensation for the vehicle liability insurance of the vehicle to the insurer. The insured's personal or property damage can only be paid through personal accident insurance or other non-responsible property insurance.

Case No. (2014) Sui Nan Fa Min Er Chu Zi No. 395

xx案件选择人民法院。总计第100系列(2016.6)

6.交通事故发生在车辆的驾驶所有权尚未转移且未通过强有力的保险投保的情况下。汽车销售公司和司机在保险责任范围内承担连带责任。温志勇诉天大汽车有限公司李阳/p>

案件要点:如果车辆发生车辆事故未投保并且保险费用较高,如果车辆所有权未完成,汽车销售公司和司机形成共同侵权,并且汽车销售公司和司机在保险责任范围内承担连带责任。

案件编号:(2014)第二中民结束号码06301

人民法院的案件选择。共98集(2016.4)

7.在计算家属的生活费用时,应根据道路交通事故发生时受害者的个人情况确定适用的城市标准或农村标准。郭天通诉何永南,中国人寿保险股份有限公司北京分公司机动车交通事故责任纠纷案

这笔经费将包括家属在残疾补偿或死亡赔偿方面的生活费。在计算家属的生活费用时,适用的城市标准或农村标准应根据道路交通事故发生时受害者的个人情况确定。

案例编号:(2015)三中民登编号08171

人民法院的案件选择。共95集(2016.1)

8.如果机动车没有投保并造成损坏,被保险人应承担保险限额内的赔偿责任。当被保险人与侵权人不一致时,双方应承担连带责任。肖月贤,李毅诉董元斌,云南浩宇汽车销售服务有限公司等机动车交通事故责任纠纷案件

案件要点:在保险责任范围内,保险公司的责任与被保险人的侵权责任分开。如果发生损坏,保险公司应对交通事故的受害方负责。对于责任限额以外的损害赔偿,侵权责任按照《侵权责任法》的规定确定。如果由未依法投保的机动车引起的交通事故,被保险人应当在保险责任范围内予以赔偿。当被保险人与侵权人不一致时,被保险人和被侵权人应当在保险责任范围内承担连带赔偿责任。精神损害赔偿,伤残赔偿和死亡赔偿是不同类型的补偿项目。是否支持精神损害赔偿应根据案件的具体情况灵活确定。在判断行为人的行为是否构成义务行为时,应综合考虑以下因素:行为是否以法人或其他组织的名义进行;行为人的行为是否得到法人或其他组织的授权;行为者的行为和授权,工作职责的相关性;法人或其他组织的监督和管理职责;行为利益归因;行为实施的时间和地点;演员的主观意志。

案例编号:(2014)昆明三中子第237号

人民法院的案件选择。总计92(2015.2)

9.因治疗影响而选择终止妊娠的交通事故受害者有权要求赔偿精神损害.李振兰诉华嘉伟,阳光财产保险股份有限公司宁波市机动车交通事故责任纠纷分公司

案件要点:交通事故发生后,受害人因CT检查影响了胎儿的健康发育,并根据医生的建议选择终止妊娠。相关费用与交通事故有关。受害人有权要求侵权人终止怀孕。精神伤害可以缓解黄金。

案例编号:(2013)甬Q邱敏初字第186号

人民法院的案件选择。共88集(2014.2)

10.如果当事人对交通事故证明不满意,法院应当对事故证据和使用的视听材料进行实质审查。张苏民,刘希强,阳光财产保险股份有限公司天津分公司机动车交通事故责任纠纷案

案件要点:交通管理部门出具的道路交通事故证明书是道路纠纷案件调查事实和责任分工的重要依据,应当作为民事诉讼的证据。当事人对事故证明不服的,人民法院应当对事故证明和视听资料进行实质审查,见证证据,证件,成绩单和审判结果。如果当事人没有足够的证据证明道路交通事故证明中使用的证据不正确,则无法推翻事故证书确定的结论。

案例编号:(2017)Jinmin Shen 2078

人民的正义案例2019.5

11.轻型汽车租赁和租船人以自己的名义经营或使用汽车,汽车租赁公司承担过错责任陈惠妍诉徐森仁,北京神舟租车有限公司厦门分公司,太平财产保险上海徐汇分公司有限公司机动车交通事故责任纠纷案件

案例要点:当汽车租赁方是一家专门从事各种形式汽车租赁业务的汽车租赁公司时,应注意汽车租赁合同的性质以及出租人(汽车租赁公司)与租赁公司之间的关系。承租人确定责任。如果只有轻型汽车租赁合同且承租人以自己的名义经营或使用汽车,则承租人应承担赔偿责任,出租人(汽车租赁公司)仅在法定过失事件。

案例编号:(2016)闽0206民初169号

人民的正义案例2018.32

12. The network platform is responsible for providing damage to the carpooling service for the driver and the carpool owner. Xu Xiaoyin and Li Xiaozeng, Beijing Yixinyixing Automotive Technology Development Service Co. Ltd. China Ping An Property Insurance Co. Ltd. Beijing Branch, Huatai Property Insurance Co. Ltd. Beijing Branch Motor Vehicle Traffic Accident Liability Dispute

In the second paragraph, the network platform shall be jointly and severally liable for the loss of the victim.

Case No. (2015) Sanzhong Min Zhong Zi No. 04810

People's Justice Case 2018.29

13. Gratuitous driving should be recognized as a voluntary helper. Whether the unpaid driver bears the joint liability for traffic accidents should be judged according to his subjective fault. Zhang Fan v. Tang Dong, He Yu Motor Vehicle Traffic Accident Liability Dispute

The gist of the case: The driver has a traffic accident for the purpose of driving the vehicle for the benefit of the owner of the vehicle. All the people have both the right to operate and the operational benefits, and they should be liable for compensation. The legal relationship between the unpaid driver and the owner of the vehicle constitutes a voluntary helper. Whether the unpaid driver is liable for joint and several liability shall be judged on the basis of his subjective fault.

Case No. (2018) Liao 12 Min Zhong 1193

People's Justice Case 2018.29

14. When the network car and the shuttle cross, the insurance beneficiary should prove whether the ride is a private car ride or a network car business. Liu Miao, Liu Bihao and China Life Insurance Co. Ltd. Deyang City Center Branch , China Ping An Property Insurance Co. Ltd. Zhongjiang Branch, Beijing Yunda Unlimited Technology Co. Ltd. Deng Yuting Motor Vehicle Traffic Accident Liability Dispute

The correct identification of the use of the insured vehicle at the time of the accident. The essential difference between the rider and the household self-use and the network car is that the planned route is to be taken along with others. The insurance beneficiary should prove whether the ride is a private car ride or a network car business.

xx案件编号:(2018)川06民中31(

人民的正义案例2018.26

15.在机动车交通事故中,即使三方没有过错,保险公司也应在赔偿责任限额内支付。米建明诉镇江公交有限公司,中国太平洋财产保险股份有限公司镇江中心分局交通事故责任纠纷案

第一款第(2)项的规定反映了无过错责任的赔偿责任原则。对于非机动车驾驶员和行人,机动车方应承担全部赔偿责任。根据交通保险系统的保护目的,在交通事故发生后,如果非机动车驾驶员或行人没有过错,无论机动车是否有过错,保险公司应当保险。在责任限额内支付责任。

案例编号:(2014)Jingminchuzi No. 2387; (2015)真民中子00567; (2016)Sumin No. 134

人民的正义案例2018.14

16.残疾人参与不是扣除补偿金额的法定因素.李文环,李凤霞,尹德权,机动车交通事故责任纠纷

本案的目的:处理涉及损害参与的机动车交通责任纠纷案件时,不应考虑损害参与对确定赔偿金额的影响。赔偿义务人应赔偿受害人因此而遭受的一切损失。

案件编号:(2017)第524号,第524号,

人民的正义案例2018.8

17.当快递员发生导致他人损坏的装运事故时,被特许人应承担赔偿责任。内部承包商不负责外部赔偿。何德荣诉杨德智,张强,北京方通裕德贸易有限公司,圆通快递有限公司机动车交通事故责任纠纷

本案的要点:在采用特许经营模式的快递行业中,通常有多个法律主体和法律关系,如特许人,特许经营商(加盟公司),内部承包商和快递员。当快递员在发生交通事故途中发送货物给他人造成损害时,根据雇主责任原则,被特许人(加盟公司)应承担赔偿责任,内部承包商不承担外部赔偿责任。

案例编号:(2017)Jing 02,No。4151

人民的正义案例2018.2

18.出租人应对操作车辆的实际驾驶操作员的过错负责。洪振荣诉江峰,何鹏,中国人寿保险股份有限公司齐齐哈尔中心分局机动车交通事故责任纠纷

案例要点:操作车辆的实际驾驶操作员的选择不仅涉及运输市场的运营和管理秩序,还涉及保护每位旅客的个人权益甚至公共安全。因此,从法律上讲,操作车辆的驾驶员有更高的标准,即具有相关资格,出租人应承担其选举的过错责任。

案例编号:(2017)黑色02,结束984

人民的正义案例2017.35

19.在电动自行车交通事故纠纷中,责任应根据是属于机动车还是责任原则来划分。曹周熙诉黄磊,欧方清机动车交通事故责任纠纷

本案的要点:在电动自行车交通事故纠纷中,是否属于机动车以及如何分担责任,存在很大争议。在这种情况的试验过程中,有必要从电动自行车的速度判断电动自行车是否属于机动车辆,并根据其属于机动车还是责任原则来分担责任。

案例编号:(2017)Xiang 10 Min 967

人民的正义案例2017.29

20.超标电动车生产者应对事故受害人承担赔偿责任林熙子,林信均,焦改惠,孙凤英诉浙江钻豹电动车有限公司机动车交通事故责任纠纷案

本案要旨:超标电动车实为机动车和存在警示缺陷两方面的因素相互作用,构成乃至加大了车辆的不合理危险,增加了事故发生的可能性和损害扩大的风险,所以超标电动自行车的生产者应当对交通事故的受害人承担一定的赔偿责任。

案号:(2017)浙02民终901号

人民司法案例2017.29

21.电动车被鉴定为机动车后,车主不宜先行在交强险限额范围内承担赔偿责任卢汶龙,刘秀云诉刘正机动车交通事故责任纠纷案

第1款之规定,先行在交强险限额范围内承担赔偿责任。

案号:(2017)陕07民终423号

人民司法案例2017.29

22.连环出借机动车发生交通事故致人损害由借用人承担责任,出借人根据过错承担相应责任佘长文,佘江涛,熊远秀,谭世明诉魏祥玉,姚彬,王继昌,陈元兵,张世清,张圣灼,乔石,重庆市鸿运汽车租赁有限责任公司,重庆市鸿运汽车租赁有限责任公司一分公司,永安财产保险股份有限公司万州中心支公司机动车交通事故责任纠纷案

本案要旨:连环出借机动车发生交通事故致人损害,由借用人承担责任如出借人(转借人)存在过错,出借人(转借人)则与借用人共同承担按份责任,其中出借人(转借人)承担不超过50%的责任,借用人应当承担大于50%的责任。

案号:(2013)万法民初字第01782号

XX人民的正义案例2017.5

23.对交通事故采取赔偿的意图应适用过错责任原则。黄炳珍诉闵敏聪,黄慧明,机动车交通事故责任纠纷

案件的要点:乘车和乘车的良好意图,这意味着车辆的所有者或驾驶员,出于良好的意愿,邀请或允许其他人无偿地驾驶自己的车辆。造成交通事故的责任应当适用于过错责任原则,这有利于善与乘客之间的利益平衡。这也是中国相关立法精神的体现。

案例编号:( 2015)Sui来自Famin Yichuzi No. 1137

人民的正义案例2016.8

24.如果单位工人的公交车发生交通事故且没有公共服务形式,则该单位应根据其故障程度承担相应的责任。宋宗海诉刘鹏程,山东高青县永丰贸易有限公司如果对公务没有限制,单位工作人员应直接向受害方承担赔偿责任。单位应当按照过错程度承担相应的赔偿责任。

案例编号:(2013)民民三中字第321号

人民的正义案例2016.5

25.如果驾驶员司机在执行任务期间对交通事故造成损害,司机应对驾驶员(软件)侵犯雇主负责。陶某赵等机动车交通事故责任纠纷

本案的要点:目前,新兴一代驾驶业务是司机与驾驶公司之间的关系,形成合同或服务合同。驾驶员委托驾驶员指派驾驶员驾驶车辆,该车辆不再具有机动车辆的操作控制和操作益处。如果发生交通事故,应排除驾驶员的损害赔偿责任。在驾驶员和驾驶员(软件)公司之间形成雇佣关系。如果驾驶司机在执行任务期间对交通事故造成损害,驾驶员(软件)的驾驶员应对侵犯雇主的行为负责。在共同承担责任后,公司将从司机手中追回司机。

案例编号:(2015)上海第1号(最小)结束第1373号字

人民的正义案例2016.2

26.运营车辆停运损失的赔偿应以合法运作为依据。欧阳惠勇诉宁波五洲双马汽车服务有限公司和大众汽车保险有限公司宁波分公司机动车交通事故责任纠纷

案件要点:在赔偿经营损失的情况下,人民法院应当支持当事人请求侵权人赔偿经营车辆因无法从事相应的经营活动而造成的合理停电损失。但是,补偿的前提是停放的车辆必须依法从事货物运输,客运等经营活动,不得违法经营。

案例编号:(2013)浙江民中字第315号

人民的正义案例2014.14第1段规定罗胜利诉李焕兴机动车交通事故责任纠纷案第1款作出有限解释。

案例编号:(2013)清中发家宜昌子第353号

人民的正义案例2014.12法律信件
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